Jun 25, 2024  
College Catalog 2022-2023 
College Catalog 2022-2023 [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

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DNHY 2010 - General and Oral Pathology

Credit Hours: 3.00

Prerequisites: Admission into the Dental Hygiene Program; BIOL 1400 , DNHY 1310 , DNHY 1312 , DNHY 1314 , and DNHY 1315  all with grade C or better

Corequisites: DNHY 2012 , DNHY 2014 , and DNHY 2015  

This is a study of the pathological processes of inflammation, immunology defense, degeneration, neoplasm, developmental disorders, and healing and repair. This class focuses on the recognition of abnormalities in the human body with a special emphasis on normal and abnormal conditions in the oral cavity. 

Billable Contact Hours: 3

When Offered: Fall semester only

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Outcome 1: Upon completion of this course, students will be able to describe the process of common oral diseases.


  1. Explain the following terms: pathology, disease, etiology, pathogenesis, signs and symptoms, diagnosis, and prognosis.
  2. Summarize the categories of disease.
  3. Compare terminology describing the course of a disease.
  4. Apply appropriate terminology to describe the clinical and/or radiographic findings associated with pathological conditions affecting the oral region.

Outcome 2: Upon completion of this course, students will be able to assess soft tissue structures and landmarks of the oral cavity.


  1. Compare normal and abnormal appearances of soft tissue structures and landmarks.
  2. Compare normal and abnormal appearances of soft tissue structures and landmarks of the periodontium.
  3. Compare normal and abnormal appearances of the bony structures and landmarks of the maxilla and mandible.

Outcome 3: Upon completion of this course, students will be able to compare the underlying tissue responses involved in diseases to their clinical manifestations.


  1. Compare the following host responses to injury: developmental anomalies, atrophy, degeneration, necrosis, hypertrophy, hyperplasia, metaplasia, neoplasia, circulatory disturbances, and inflammation.
  2. Compare the vascular and cellular responses in acute inflammation to the cardinal signs and to the formation of the inflammatory exudate.
  3. Distinguish between acute inflammation and chronic inflammation.
  4. Compare regeneration and repair.
  5. Distinguish between immunopathologic mechanisms for hypersensitivity reactions, immunodeficiencies, and autoimmune diseases.
  6. Discuss theoretical and clinical aspects of neoplasia and the clinical classification of neoplastic diseases.

Outcome 4: Upon completion of this course, students will be able to assess common oral pathological conditions.


  1. Explain pathologic conditions affecting the teeth.
  2. Explain the etiology, clinical features, and treatment of developmental anomalies affecting oral and para-oral structures.
  3. Compare the common cysts, odontogenic tumors, and nonneoplastic conditions of bone.
  4. Compare the common oral lesions.

• Communication: The graduate can communicate effectively for the intended purpose and audience.
• Critical Thinking: The graduate can make informed decisions after analyzing information or evidence related to the issue.
• Global Literacy: The graduate can analyze human behavior or experiences through cultural, social, political, or economic perspectives.
• Information Literacy: The graduate can responsibly use information gathered from a variety of formats in order to complete a task.
• Quantitative Reasoning: The graduate can apply quantitative methods or evidence to solve problems or make judgments.
• Scientific Literacy: The graduate can produce or interpret scientific information presented in a variety of formats.

CDO marked YES apply to this course:
Communication: YES
Critical Thinking: YES
Global Literacy: YES
Information Literacy: YES
Quantitative Reasoning: YES
Scientific Literacy: YES

Week 1: Medical Terminology

Weeks 2 - 3:  Introduction to Preliminary Diagnosis of Oral Lesions

Weeks 4 - 5: Diagnosis of Oral Lesions - Variants from Normal

Weeks 6 - 7: Inflammation and Repair

Weeks 8 - 9: Immunity and Immunologic Oral Lesions (MIDTERM)

Weeks 10 - 11: Infectious Diseases

Weeks 12 - 13: Development Disorders

Weeks 14 - 15: Neoplasia

Week 16: Nonneoplastic Diseases of Bone

Primary Faculty
Ellis, Barbara
Secondary Faculty

Associate Dean
Ellis, Barbara
Mirijanian, Narine

Official Course Syllabus - Macomb Community College, 14500 E 12 Mile Road, Warren, MI 48088

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