May 20, 2024  
College Catalog 2021-2022 
College Catalog 2021-2022 [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

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WHES 2090 - Exercise Leadership

Credit Hours: 3.00

Prerequisites: WHES 2042 WHES 2065 , WHES 2081 , and WHES 2083 

This course will introduce the students to the practical application of their course work in the Exercise Science program including exercise physiology and biomechanics. The students will also be exposed to the proper design, creation, implementation and assessment of exercise programs for a number of different populations. The class will also cover legal issues, risk management, as well as basic marketing tools.

Billable Contact Hours: 3

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Outcome 1: Upon completion of the course, students will apply proper consultation and assessment measures to individuals and groups in an exercise setting.


  1. Interpret health and physical fitness screenings including analysis of blood pressure, heart rate, strength and flexibility
  2. Implement a program based on pre-participation evaluation results

Outcome 2: Upon completion of this course, students will develop programs for both individuals and groups based on specific needs of the client.


  1. Create programs for all populations including the healthy populations, the elderly and children
  2. Match client goals and test results to proper program design and implementation
  3. Recall and utilize basic behavioral theories and strategies including reinforcement and goal setting
  4. Explain and practice proper instruction and spotting techniques
  5. Discuss and practice proper injury prevention techniques

Outcome 3: Upon completion of this course, students will outline issues related to risk management, legal policy, and marketing.


  1. Translate the importance of medical clearance
  2. Translate the importance of proper supervision and monitoring
  3. Identify the importance of liability insurance and waiver forms
  4. Discuss collaboration with other health professionals for marketing purposes
  5. Recognize the importance of developing a proper business plan

• Communication: The graduate can communicate effectively for the intended purpose and audience.
• Critical Thinking: The graduate can make informed decisions after analyzing information or evidence related to the issue.
• Global Literacy: The graduate can analyze human behavior or experiences through cultural, social, political, or economic perspectives.
• Information Literacy: The graduate can responsibly use information gathered from a variety of formats in order to complete a task.
• Quantitative Reasoning: The graduate can apply quantitative methods or evidence to solve problems or make judgments.
• Scientific Literacy: The graduate can produce or interpret scientific information presented in a variety of formats.

CDO marked YES apply to this course:
Communication: YES
Critical Thinking: YES
Information Literacy: YES
Quantitative Reasoning: YES
Scientific Literacy: YES


  1. Review of anatomy/physiological systems
    1. Movement terminology
    2. Basic biomechanical principles
    3. Aerobic vs. anaerobic energy systems
    4. Acute and chronic responses/adaptations to cardiovascular and resistance training
    5. The role of warming up and cooling down/muscle fatigue/DOMS
    6. Musculoskeletal injuries/overtraining
  2. Initial client consultation and assessment
    1. Pre-participation evaluations
    2. Informed consent/trainer-client contract
    3. Health and medical history screenings/medical clearance
    4. Effective communication strategies
      1. In-person
      2. Multimedia
  3. Health related physical fitness testing and interpretation
    1. Metabolic equations
      1. Submax aerobic testing
    2. Heart rate and blood pressure screenings
    3. Assessment of fitness components
      1. Muscle strength and endurance
      2. Flexibility
      3. Body composition
      4. Anthropometric measurements
  4. Nutrition/lifestyle factor education
    1. USDA food and dietary guidelines
    2. Improper weight loss methods
    3. Cholesterol
    4. Body composition/obesity/diabetes
    5. Proper hydration
    6. Understanding the various eating disorders
      1. Bulimia
      2. Anorexia
      3. Female athlete triad
    7. Behavior modification
  5. Program design and implementation
    1. Development of a comprehensive plan and timeline
      1. Assessment of testing procedures
      2. Various populations
        1. Pregnant women
        2. Elderly
        3. Children
        4. Healthy adults
        5. Adults with chronic disease/orthopedic concerns
      3. Environmental considerations
        1. Altitude
        2. Cold environments/wind chill
        3. Warm environments/humidity
        4. Pollution
    2. Choosing the proper modalities/equipment/program
      1. Matching to client
      2. Matching to client goals and testing results
        1. Weight loss
        2. Performance enhancement
        3. General fitness improvement
      3. Proper implementation of sets, reps, loading and rest periods
      4. Variable vs. constant resistance machines
      5. Various cardiovascular modalities
      6. Other modalities/equipment
        1. Medicine balls
        2. Exercise tubing
        3. Kettlebells, etc…
      7. Advanced training techniques
        1. Superset
        2. Pyramids
        3. Strength vs. endurance training
      8. Implementation with ADL
      9. Implementation of FITT
        1. Principles of fitness
          1. Specificity
          2. Individuality
          3. Reversibility
          4. Variability
          5. Progressive overload
    3. Behavioral theories and strategies
      1. Role of social media
      2. Behavioral strategies for change
        1. Reinforcement
        2. S.M.A.R.T
        3. Goal setting
        4. Reinforcement
      3. Application of health behavior change/motivation strategies and theories
        1. Socio-economic model
        2. Readiness to change model
        3. Social cognitive model
        4. Theory of planned behavior
    4. Re-assessment
    5. Proper instruction and spotting techniques
      1. Demonstration of proper and improper form and technique
      2. Understanding body language
      3. Constructive feedback
      4. Auditory and kinesthetic learning styles
      5. Monitoring of client and knowing when to terminate activity
      6. Client feedback and modification
    6. Proper exercise attire
    7. Injury prevention
      1. Knowledge of basic injuries
      2. Assessment of injuries
      3. Prevention of injuries
    8. Basic stress management techniques
      1. Guided imagery/progressive muscular relaxation/visualization
  6. Risk management/legal issues/marketing
    1. Legal issues
      1. Importance of medical clearance
      2. Risk stratification to decrease client injury
      3. Trainer negligence
      4. Supervision and monitoring
      5. Liability insurance
      6. Waiver forms
    2. Marketing
      1. Collaboration with other health care professionals
      2. Referral network
      3. Developing a business plan
        1. Mission statement
        2. Business plan
        3. Budget and sales objectives
        4. Marketing materials
        5. Being a positive role model

Primary Faculty
Brennan, Thomas
Secondary Faculty
Jenuwine, Linda
Associate Dean
Primeau, Paula
Mirijanian, Narine

Official Course Syllabus - Macomb Community College, 14500 E 12 Mile Road, Warren, MI 48088

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