Feb 06, 2023  
College Catalog 2021-2022 
College Catalog 2021-2022 [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

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VETT 2630 - Radiology for Veterinary Technicians-Laboratory

Credit Hours: 1.00

Prerequisites: Admission into the Veterinary Technician Program; VETT 1580  with grade C or better

VETT 2630 instructs veterinary technician students in taking and developing quality radiographs, while following safe radiographic procedures. Application strategies include utilizing personnel safety procedures, completion of a portfolio of various commonly performed radiographs, and manual and automatic processing of radiographs. Also covered is the alternative imaging modalities of electrocardiography and ultrasonography.

Billable Contact Hours: 2

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Outcome 1: Upon completion of this course, students will be able to apply the fundamentals of radiology learned in the lecture course to produce quality diagnostic x-rays for the required portfolio, while using maximum safety for personnel and patient.


  1. Define various terms related to radiography.
  2. Describe how x-rays are generated.
  3. List five elements necessary for x-ray production.
  4. Describe the purpose of the cathode.
  5. Describe the purpose of the anode.
  6. List and discuss the two types of anodes.
  7. List and define the four exposure factors on the x-ray machine.
  8. Identify the factors that effect contrast and density.
  9. State the equation used to determine mAs.
  10. Demonstrate correct positioning for radiographs of various anatomical regions.
  11. Explain when to use tabletop or grid techniques.
  12. Demonstrate how to correctly set the settings on the x-ray machine.
  13. Demonstrate appropriate restraint methods that are safe for the patient as well as the technician.
  14. Demonstrate how to correctly position an animal for various types of radiographs.
  15. Demonstrate appropriate film identification techniques.
  16. Compare and contrast both good and poor diagnostic radiographs, as well as list methods of improvement for poor diagnostic radiographs.
  17. Submit a portfolio of x-rays of the required anatomical regions; include proper positioning, identification, collimation, beam center, and exposure factors.
  18. Demonstrate how to correctly complete radiograph logs, reports, files, and records.

Outcome 2: Upon completion of this course, students will be able to list the darkroom techniques needed to develop diagnostic x-rays, including comparing both manual and automatic techniques.


  1. List and describe the three main qualities of a good darkroom.
  2. State the various methods of darkroom light proofing.
  3. Demonstrate the five basic steps of film processing.
  4. List and describe the six developer and fixer components.
  5. Describe the function of the fixer solution.
  6. Demonstrate the nine steps of manual film processing.
  7. Demonstrate the use of the automatic film processor and understand how it works.
  8. Demonstrate the appropriate steps to loading and unloading film cassettes.
  9. Demonstrate and understand the appropriate care of film cassettes.
  10. Describe and demonstrate appropriate film handling, and care, and storage.
  11. Describe the steps to changing the developing and fixing solutions in the manual processing tanks.

Outcome 3: Upon completion of this course, students will be able to identify and apply safety protocols while taking radiographs.


  1. Explain maximum permissible dose.
  2. State the maximum permissible dose for exposed personnel.
  3. State three primary methods that personnel are exposed to radiation during radiography.
  4. List the tissues most sensitive to radiation-induced damage.
  5. Explain which personnel are prohibited from radiographic procedures.
  6. Describe the appropriate protective gear and devices used for taking radiographs.
  7. Describe the appropriate maintenance protocol for protective apparel.
  8. Identify the practical methods that personnel can employ to reduce personal exposure during radiography.
  9. Describe the significance of scatter radiation, and how to reduce it.
  10. Explain the importance of collimation.

Outcome 4: Upon completion of this course, students will be able to apply the knowledge of the use of electrocardiograms (ECGs) and ultrasound, as they are used in clinical practice.


  1. Define various terms related to electrocardiograms and ultrasounds.
  2. Demonstrate appropriate patient positioning for ECGs.
  3. Demonstrate how to appropriately place the leads to produce a diagnostic ECG.
  4. Demonstrate how to interpret an ECG.
  5. Explain how an ultrasound machine functions.
  6. Describe the three display modes used in ultrasound procedures.
  7. Demonstrate how to prepare a patient for various ultrasound procedures, including ultrasound guided cystocentesis urine sample collection.
  8. Explain the technician’s role in ultrasound and how it has changed over the years.
  9. Demonstrate how to perform a Tonometer test.

• Communication: The graduate can communicate effectively for the intended purpose and audience.
• Critical Thinking: The graduate can make informed decisions after analyzing information or evidence related to the issue.
• Global Literacy: The graduate can analyze human behavior or experiences through cultural, social, political, or economic perspectives.
• Information Literacy: The graduate can responsibly use information gathered from a variety of formats in order to complete a task.
• Quantitative Reasoning: The graduate can apply quantitative methods or evidence to solve problems or make judgments.
• Scientific Literacy: The graduate can produce or interpret scientific information presented in a variety of formats.

CDO marked YES apply to this course:
Communication: YES
Critical Thinking: YES
Information Literacy: YES
Scientific Literacy: YES


  1. X-ray portfolio
  2. Darkroom techniques
  3. Radiograph safety procedures
  4. Critiquing of x-rays
  5. Ultrasound and ECG

Primary Faculty
Delauter, Julie
Secondary Faculty

Associate Dean
Shaw, Andrea
Mirijanian, Narine

Official Course Syllabus - Macomb Community College, 14500 E 12 Mile Road, Warren, MI 48088

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