Jul 22, 2024  
College Catalog 2021-2022 
College Catalog 2021-2022 [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

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BIOL 2710 - Human Physiological Anatomy

Credit Hours: 6.00

Prerequisites: None

Students will NOT receive credit for both BIOL 2710 and BIOL 2310. This course is designed for students in Health and Human Services programs. It is an intensive lecture/laboratory course emphasizing the basic concepts and principles of human anatomy and physiology. BIOL 1000 is strongly recommended as a prerequisite to BIOL 2710 for those planning to transfer to a four-year health science program.

Billable Contact Hours: 7

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Outcome 1: Upon completion of this course, students will be able to identify a specific set of human anatomical structures.

Objectives: In a laboratory setting, using bones, models, charts and dissected specimens, students will identify human anatomical structures for the following systems:

  1. Integument.
  2. Skeletal system.
  3. Skeletal muscular system.
  4. Nervous system.
  5. Endocrine system.
  6. Cardiovascular system.
  7. Lymphatic system.
  8. Respiratory system.
  9. Urinary system.
  10. Digestive system.
  11. Reproductive system.

Outcome 2: Upon completion of this course, students will be able to demonstrate a working knowledge of the organization of the human body, chemical principles, and the cell.

Objectives: The student will describe:

  1. Structural organization of the human body
  2. Cell chemistry.
  3. Metabolism and how it relates to homeostasis.
  4. Cell structure and function.
  5. Cellular transport.
  6. The stages of mitosis.

Outcome 3: Upon completion of this course, students will be able to describe the tissues, membranes, and glands in the human body.

Objectives: The student will describe the:

  1. Structure and function of the four primary tissue types.
  2. Structure and function of four different types of membranes.
  3. Different types of glands and give an example of each.

Outcome 4: Upon completion of this course, students will be able to explain the physiology of each system of the human body and how their interaction helps to maintain homeostasis.

Objectives: The student will demonstrate a working knowledge of the:

  1. Skeleton system and articulations.
  2. Skeletal muscular system.
  3. Nervous system and sense organs.
  4. Endocrine system.
  5. Cardiovascular system.
  6. Lymphatic system.
  7. Respiratory system.
  8. Digestive system.
  9. Urinary system.
  10. Reproductive system.

• Communication: The graduate can communicate effectively for the intended purpose and audience.
• Critical Thinking: The graduate can make informed decisions after analyzing information or evidence related to the issue.
• Global Literacy: The graduate can analyze human behavior or experiences through cultural, social, political, or economic perspectives.
• Information Literacy: The graduate can responsibly use information gathered from a variety of formats in order to complete a task.
• Quantitative Reasoning: The graduate can apply quantitative methods or evidence to solve problems or make judgments.
• Scientific Literacy: The graduate can produce or interpret scientific information presented in a variety of formats.

CDO marked YES apply to this course:
Critical Thinking: YES
Quantitative Reasoning: YES
Scientific Literacy: YES


  1. Organization of the Body, Chemical Principles and Cell
    1. Levels of Organization
    2. Homeostasis and its control mechanisms
    3. Elements and Compounds
    4. Chemical Bonds and Reactions
    5. Inorganic and Organic Molecules
    6. Metabolism
    7. Cell Membranes, Organelles, and Nucleus
    8. Movement of Substances Through Cell Membranes
    9. Mitosis - Growth and Stages
  2. Tissues, Membranes, and Glands
    1. Epithelial Tissues
    2. Connective Tissues
    3. Muscle Tissues
    4. Nervous Tissues
    5. Membranes
    6. Skin and its Appendages/Integumentary System
  3. Skeletal System and Articulations
    1. Skeletal System functions
    2. Skeletal tissue
      1. Microscopic structure of bone
      2. Long bone structure
      3. Development and growth of bone
      4. Cartilage
    3. Division of skeletal system
    4. Articulations
  4. Skeletal Muscles
    1. Functions of Muscular System
    2. Structure and function of skeletal muscle tissue
    3. Structure and function of skeletal muscle organ(s)
    4. Physiology of skeletal muscle contraction
    5. Types of muscle organ contractions
  5. Nervous System and Sense Organs
    1. Nervous system cells
    2. Physiology of neurons
    3. Divisions of nervous system
    4. Spinal cord structure and functions
    5. Brain structures and functions
    6. Cerebrospinal fluid formation, circulation & composition
    7. Autonomic nervous system
    8. Sense organs - eye and ear
  6. The Endocrine Systems
    1. Mechanisms of Hormone action
    2. Hypothalamus and the pituitary gland
    3. Pituitary gland location and hormones
    4. Thyroid gland location and hormones
    5. Parathyroid gland location and hormones
    6. Adrenal gland location and hormones
    7. Pancreas - Islets of Langerhans and hormones
    8. Ovaries and testes location and hormones
  7. Blood, Cardiovascular and Lymphatic Systems
    1. Blood cells - formation, types and functions
    2. Blood groups
    3. Blood coagulation
    4. Heart - structure, location and physiology
    5. Portal and fetal circulation
    6. Structures and functions of lymphatic system
    7. Lymph circulation routes
    8. Thymus and spleen functions
  8. Respiratory System
    1. Anatomy of the respiratory system
    2. Functional components of the respiratory system
    3. Mechanism of pulmonary ventilation
    4. Volumes of air exchanged in pulmonary ventilation
    5. Types of breathing
    6. External respiration and gas transport
    7. Internal respiration and regulations of respiration
  9. Digestive System and Metabolism
    1. Anatomy of the digestive system
    2. Physiology of the digestive system
      1. Mechanical digestion
      2. Chemical digestion and enzymes
      3. Control of digestive gland secretion
      4. Absorption
    3. Metabolism
      1. Carbohydrates
      2. Lipids
      3. Proteins
  10. The Urinary System
    1. Kidneys: Location
      1. Internal structure
      2. Microscopic structure and function
      3. Blood vessels
      4. Regulation of urine volume
    2. Ureters - structure and function
    3. Urinary bladder - structure and function
    4. Urethra - structure and function
    5. Urine - physical and chemical features
  11. Fluid and Electrolyte Balance/Acid-Base Balance
    1. Total body water
    2. Body fluid compartments
    3. Avenues of water entry and exit
    4. Mechanisms that maintain homeostasis of fluid volume
    5. Chemical content and distribution of electrolytes
    6. Mechanisms that control pH of body fluids
      1. Buffer mechanism
      2. Respiratory mechanism
      3. Urinary mechanism
    7. Acid-base imbalances
  12. Reproduction and Development
    1. Meiosis, oogenesis and spermatogenesis
    2. Male reproductive structures and functions
    3. Female reproductive structures and functions
    4. Breasts - structure, function and lactation
    5. Menstrual cycle
    6. Menarche and menopause

Primary Faculty
Scott, Felicia
Secondary Faculty
Clare, Michael; Martin, Darlene
Associate Dean
Young, Randall
Pritchett, Marie

Official Course Syllabus - Macomb Community College, 14500 E 12 Mile Road, Warren, MI 48088

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