BIOL 1010 - General Biology 2
Credit Hours: 4.00
Prerequisites: BIOL 1000 with grade C or better
A lecture and laboratory course in principles of biological diversity: taxonomy and systematics, comparative physiology, evolution, and ecology of plants and animals.
Billable Contact Hours: 7
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OUTCOMES AND OBJECTIVES
Outcome 1: Upon completion of this course, students will be able to discuss the history of evolutionary ideas to date.
- Discuss pre- and post-Darwinian evolutionary ideas.
- Outline Darwin’s major contributions to the theory of evolution.
- State and explain the evidence for evolution.
- Discuss the Hardy-Weinberg principle as it relates to microevolution.
Outcome 2: Upon completion of this course, students will be able to discuss the history of classification, the three domains, and the six kingdoms of life.
- Describe key contributions to taxonomy.
- Distinguish between prokaryotes and eukaryotes.
- Identify the three domains of organisms by their general characteristics and state examples of each domain.
- Identify the six kingdoms of organisms by their general characteristics and state examples of each kingdom.
Outcome 3: Upon completion of this course, students will be able to identify viral and bacterial structures and variations.
- Describe the evolution of prokaryotes.
- Describe the basic structure of the prokaryotic cell.
- Describe bacterial diversity.
- Describe viral forms and diversity.
Outcome 4: Upon completion of this course, students will be able to identify protistan structures and variations.
- Describe the origin of the eukaryotic cell.
- Describe the evolution of protists.
- Describe distinguishing characteristics of major protistan groups and cite examples of each.
Outcome 5: Upon completion of this course, students will be able to identify plant structures and variations.
- Identify adaptations of plants for land existence.
- Compare the life cycles of nonvascular and vascular plants.
- Compare the structures of gymnosperms to those of angiosperms.
- Discuss the structures of flowering plants and fruits.
- Differentiate between monocotyledons and dicotyledons.
- Describe methods of floral pollination.
- Give examples of specialized fruit dispersal.
Outcome 6: Upon completion of this course, students will be able to identify fungal structures and variations.
- Describe fungal structure and nutrition.
- List the distinguishing characteristics of the major fungal phyla.
- Discuss fungal associations using lichens as an example.
Outcome 7: Upon completion of this course, students will be able to identify animalian structures and variations.
- Identify types of animal symmetry and give examples of each.
- Describe the development of body cavities.
- Describe the major characteristics of each animal phylum.
- Classify animals in their proper taxonomic categories.
COMMON DEGREE OUTCOMES (CDO)
• Communication: The graduate can communicate effectively for the intended purpose and audience.
• Critical Thinking: The graduate can make informed decisions after analyzing information or evidence related to the issue.
• Global Literacy: The graduate can analyze human behavior or experiences through cultural, social, political, or economic perspectives.
• Information Literacy: The graduate can responsibly use information gathered from a variety of formats in order to complete a task.
• Quantitative Reasoning: The graduate can apply quantitative methods or evidence to solve problems or make judgments.
• Scientific Literacy: The graduate can produce or interpret scientific information presented in a variety of formats.
CDO marked YES apply to this course:
Critical Thinking: YES
Information Literacy: YES
Scientific Literacy: YES
COURSE CONTENT OUTLINE
- Evolution (CLO #1)
- History of evolutionary thought
- Natural Selection and descent with modification
- Evidence for evolution
- Fossil record
- Molecular record
- Structural homology
- Embryonic development
- Vestigial structures
- Convergent evolution
- Hardy-Weinberg principle
- Principles of taxonomy (CLO #2)
- History of classification of organisms
- Binomial naming system - Linnaeus
- Species concepts
- The taxonomic hierarchy
- The history of life on earth
- The evolution of prokaryotes
- The evolution of eukaryotes
- Origins of multicellularity
- Major life cycles
- Newer taxonomic methods
- DNA hybridization
- The six kingdoms of organisms
- The Archaebacteria, Eubacteria, and Viruses (CLO #3)
- Prokaryotes vs eukaryotes
- Bacterial structure
- Bacterial variation
- Bacterial ecology and metabolic diversity
- Bacteria as pathogens
- Bacterial diversity
- Viral structure and diversity
- The protists (CLO #4)
- Evolutionary relationships of protists
- Features of eukaryotes
- Role of symbiosis in eukaryotic evolution
- Protistan phyla - including:
- Euglenoids - Euglenophyta
- Trypanosomes (kinetoplastids) - Zoomastigina
- Red Algae - Rhodophyta
- Green Algae - Chlorophyta
- Dinoflagellates - Dinophyta
- Apicomplexans - Apicomplexa
- Ciliates - Ciliophora
- Diatoms - Bacillariophyta
- Brown Algae - Phaeophyta
- Water molds or “egg fungi” - Oomycota
- Forams - Foraminifera
- Amoeboids - Rhizopoda
- Cellular Slime molds - Acrasiomycota
- Acellular or plasmodial slime molds - Myxomycota
- Choanoflagellates - Choanoflagellida
- Diversity of Plants (CLO #5)
- Evolutionary origin of plants
- Adaptations for land existence
- Plant life cycles
- Gametophyte specializations
- Nonvascular plants
- Vascular plant features
- Seedless vascular plants
- Sphenophyta (Arthrophyta)
- Seed plants - Gymnosperms
- Seed plants - Angiosperms
- Flowering plants and vascular structures
- History of flowering plants
- Evolution of the flower
- Floral specializations
- Pollination of flowering plants
- Evolution of fruits
- The Fungi (CLO #6)
- Characteristics of fungi
- Nutrition and ecology
- Fungal associations
- Fungal Phyla - including:
- Chytrids - Chytridiomycota
- Zygomycetes - Zygomycota
- Arbuscular Mycorrhizal fungi - Glomeromycota
- Sac fungi - Ascomycota
- Club Fungi - Basidiomycota
- Animalia (CLO #7)
- General features of animals
- Origins of multicellularity
- Body cavity development
- Protostomes vs deuterostomes
- Parazoa vs Eumetazoa
- Phylum Porifera
- Phylum Cnidaria
- Phylum Ctenophora
- Phylum Platyhelminthes
- Phylum Nematoda
- Phylum Rotifera
- Phylum Mollusca - body plan
- Class Gastropoda; characteristics and representatives
- Class Bivalvia; characteristics and representatives
- Class Cephalopoda: characteristics and representatives
- Phylum Annelida - body plan
- Class Polychaeta; characteristics and representatives
- Class Oligochaeta; characteristics and representatives
- Class Hirudinea; characteristics and representatives
- Phylum Arthropoda
- General characteristics
- Major groups of arthropods; Chelicerates vs Mandibulates
- Subphylum Chelicerata
- Class Arachnida
- Class Merostomata
- Subphylum Crustacea
- Subphylum Myriopoda
- Class Chilopoda
- Class Diplopoda
- Subphylum Hexopoda
- Class Insecta
- Metamorphosis; simple vs complete
- Phylum Echinodermata; general characteristics
- Class Crinoidea; structure and habitat
- Class Asteroidea; structure and function
- Class Echinoidea; structure and function
- Class Ophiuroidea; structure and function
- Class Holothuroidea; structure and behavior
- Relationship between Echinoderms and Chordates
- Garstang’s hypothesis: neotenous larva
- Phylum Chordata; general characteristics
- Subphylum Urochordata: the Tunicates
- Subphylum Cephalochordata: the Lancelets
- Characteristics of Phylum Chordata, Subphylum Vertebrata
- Fishes; history - Ostracoderms to modern ray-finned fish
- Evolution of the jaw
- Class Agnatha; characteristics and examples
- Class Chondrichthyes; characteristics and behavior
- Class Osteichthyes; important adaptations
- The Lungfish; relationship to Tetrapods
- The Coelacanths; relationship to Tetrapods
- Class Amphibia; origin and history
- Amphibian innovations for the invasion of the land
- Amphibian characteristics
- Amphibia; Orders Anura, Caudata(Urodela), and Apoda
- Class Reptilia; origin and history
- Reptilian characteristics
- Reptilia; Orders Chelonia, Rhynchocephala, Squamata (lizards and snakes) and Crocodilia
- Class Aves; origin and history
- Avian characterisitics
- Class Mammalia: origin and history
- Mammalian characteristics
- Mammalia; Subclasses Prototheria, Metatheria, and Eutheria
- Mammalian orders
Official Course Syllabus - Macomb Community College, 14500 E 12 Mile Road, Warren, MI 48088
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