Feb 24, 2024  
College Catalog 2023-2024 
College Catalog 2023-2024
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VETT 2470 - Clinical Pathology 2-Laboratory

Credit Hours: 1.50

Prerequisites: Admission into the Veterinary Technician Program; VETT 2050 , VETT 2060 , VETT 2200 , VETT 2320 , VETT 2330 , VETT 2340 , VETT 2620 , and VETT 2630  all with grade C or better

(formerly VETT 2490)

VETT 2470 instructs veterinary technician students in advanced laboratory procedures done in veterinary practice. It also reiterates the basic skills taught in VETT 1450. Application strategies include performing skills associated with clinical pathology, clinical chemistry, blood‑related tests such as blood typing and coagulation, bacteriology, cytology, mycology, endocrinology, and immunology. Topics also include hematology of exotic and large animal species.

Billable Contact Hours: 3

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Outcome A: Upon completion of this course, students will be able to demonstrate how to use and maintain various laboratory equipment to minimize lab error and increase quality control


  1. List the various parts of the microscope and their purpose.
  2. Demonstrate which objective lenses are to be used under various circumstances.
  3. Describe how to properly clean and maintain the microscope.
  4. Demonstrate how to use and maintain various automated CBC machines and blood chemistry machines.
  5. Demonstrate how to troubleshoot various laboratory machines and equipment

Outcome B: Upon completion of this course, students will be able to demonstrate how to perform common laboratory tests accurately and in a timely fashion


  1. Describe the various blood collection tubes and which tubes are commonly used for which laboratory tests.
  2. Demonstrate how to make and stain a blood smear.
  3. Demonstrate how to examine a blood smear for white blood cells, red blood cells, platelets, and reticulocytes.
  4. Demonstrate how to perform a differential and a complete blood count.
  5. Be able to identify various blood parasites.
  6. Demonstrate how to perform clinical chemistry tests on various laboratory machines.
  7. Demonstrate how to perform an automated complete blood count on various laboratory machines.
  8. List the steps for collecting and evaluating bone marrow samples.
  9. Demonstrate how to perform various coagulation tests.
  10. Demonstrate how to perform a manual blood cross match.
  11. List the procedures for collecting blood samples for Bile Acids, Thyroid, Cortisol, and Phenobarbital tests.
  12. Describe how to properly prepare and read a fecal smear.
  13. Identify intestinal parasites on the fecal slide.
  14. Demonstrate how to properly prepare a urine sample for microscopic and chemical examination.
  15. Demonstrate ability to identify crystals, bacteria, white blood cells, red blood cells, and epithelial cells in a urine sample.
  16. Demonstrate how to prepare and examine an ear cytology for mites, yeast, and bacteria.
  17. Demonstrate how to prepare and examine a skin scraping for common skin mites.
  18. Demonstrate how to prepare and examine a vaginal cytology smear.
  19. List the cytology collection techniques for ears, vaginal, tumor impression smears, scrapings, swabs, fine needle aspirates and fluids.
  20. Define various cytology terms.
  21. List the common viruses of the canine, feline, equine, and bovine, and the technique for collection of specimens for diagnosis of these viruses.
  22. Define various immunology and serological terms.
  23. List and describe the steps involved in the collection of specimens for immunology and serology.
  24. Describe how to differentiate between antibodies and antigens.
  25. List and explain the rules for lab safety when working with bacteria.
  26. List common types of culture medias and agars used for bacterial diagnostics.
  27. Demonstrate how to prepare a bacterial smear from a broth culture and a solid media culture.
  28. List the steps and demonstrate the gram staining procedure for identifying bacteria.
  29. Define various microbiology terms.
  30. Demonstrate how to streak plates for quadrant, growth and identification.
  31. Identify bacterial colonies, characteristics, groupings and shapes.
  32. Describe how to interpret antibiotic inhibition discs.
  33. Describe how to perform and interpret progesterone and leutinizing hormone tests in female animals.
  34. Demonstrate how to properly prepare and interpret various antigen and antibody tests.

  • Communication: The graduate can communicate effectively for the intended purpose and audience.
  • Critical Thinking: The graduate can make informed decisions after analyzing information or evidence related to the issue.
  • Global Literacy: The graduate can analyze human behavior or experiences through cultural, social, political, or economic perspectives.
  • Information Literacy: The graduate can responsibly use information gathered from a variety of formats in order to complete a task.
  • Quantitative Reasoning: The graduate can apply quantitative methods or evidence to solve problems or make judgments.
  • Scientific Literacy: The graduate can produce or interpret scientific information presented in a variety of formats.
CDO marked YES apply to this course:
Communication: YES
Critical Thinking: YES
Information Literacy: YES
Quantitative Reasoning: YES
Scientific Literacy: YES


  1. Review Clinical Pathology I
  2. Clinical Chemistry, Automated Analyzers
  3. Advanced Hematology, Large and Exotic Animal Species Hematology
  4. Coagulation, Blood Typing, Cross Matching
  5. Cytology, Mycology, External Parasitology, Blood Parasites
  6. Immunology, Virology, Serology, Endocrinology, Misc. Function Tests
  7. Bacteriology

Primary Faculty
Tear, Marianne
Secondary Faculty

Associate Dean
Shaw, Andrea
Mirijanian, Narine

Primary Syllabus - Macomb Community College, 14500 E 12 Mile Road, Warren, MI 48088

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