VETT 1080 - Small Animal Techniques-Lecture
Credit Hours: 1.00
Prerequisites: Admission into the Veterinary Technician Program
VETT 1080 instructs veterinary technician students in the basic techniques expected of the veterinary technician in a small animal veterinary practice. Skills covered and emphasized include animal handling and restraint, grooming, auscultation (use of a stethoscope), medication administration, placement of intravenous (I.V.) catheters, and obtaining and handling of blood, urine, and fecal samples.
Billable Contact Hours: 1
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OUTCOMES AND OBJECTIVES
Outcome 1: Upon completion of this course, students will be able to apply knowledge of the basic skills in handling and restraint of dogs and cats.
- Explain the basic fundamentals of animal restraint and handling.
- Identify the danger potentials of the dog and cat.
- Recognize the signs of a normal social animal, a frightened or nervous animal, and a vicious or aggressive animal.
- List the seven points to remember when restraining a dog or a cat.
- Recognize the three fundamental tools of restraint.
- List the steps involved in restraining a dog or a cat in various positions, including a standing position, sitting position, sternal recumbency, lateral recumbency, as well as for SQ, IM, ID, and IV injections.
Outcome 2: Upon completion of this course, students will be able to identify normal canine and feline behavior.
- Describe the behavioral development periods of the dog and cat.
- Identify the social behavior of the dog and cat.
- Identify and describe the methods dogs and cats use to aid in visual communication, olfactory communications, and vocal communications.
Outcome 3: Upon completion of this course, students will be able to apply knowledge of appropriate grooming care of the dog and cat.
- Describe the rationale and procedure for bathing a dog and a cat.
- List all grooming tools used and describe their function.
- Describe the appropriate way to trim toenails on dark and white nails.
- Describe what is done if the quick is clipped during the nail trimming procedure.
- List the two methods for anal gland expression.
- Explain the anatomy of the anal gland.
- Describe the procedure for expressing anal glands.
Outcome 4: Upon completion of this course, students will be able to demonstrate an understanding of how to give intramuscular (IM), subcutaneous (SQ), intravenous (IV), and intradermal (ID) injections in dogs and cats.
- Define terminology related to injections.
- List all the common syringe sizes and explain what each size could be used for.
- List all the common needle sizes and explain what each size could be used for.
- Describe in detail how to perform a subcutaneous, intramuscular, intravenous, intradermal, intraperitoneal, and intranasal injection.
- Explain the appropriate disposal and handling of needles and syringes.
Outcome 5: Upon completion of this course, students will be able to apply knowledge of blood, urine, and fecal sample collection techniques in the dog and cat.
- Define venipuncture.
- Identify the difference between a vein and an artery.
- List all possible veins that could be used for venipuncture.
- List all the tools used for venipuncture.
- Describe the procedure for venipuncture using the syringe method.
- Describe the procedure for venipuncture using the vacutainer method.
- List the three components in blood.
- Explain the appropriate way to transfer blood into tubes.
- Describe how to label blood tubes upon collection.
- Describe the function of the urinary system.
- List the methods used for urine collection.
- Explain the procedure for each method of urine collection.
- List all the equipment used in urine collection.
- Describe the procedures for fecal collection.
- Describe the procedure for vaginal sample collection.
- Explain how to administer an enema.
Outcome 6: Upon completion of this course, students will be able to understand the theory and procedures for administering oral medications.
- Define and understand abbreviations used to describe oral medication administration.
- Explain the anatomy of the oral cavity.
- Describe the procedure for administering oral medications to dogs and cats.
Outcome 7: Upon completion of this course, students will be able to demonstrate an understanding of ophthalmic and optic care and procedures.
- Describe and identify the anatomy of the eye.
- Understand the common terms used to describe ophthalmic conditions.
- List the tools used for an eye exam.
- Describe the various test performed on the eye.
- Explain how to administer eye medication.
- Describe and identify the anatomy of the ear.
- List the common ear conditions seen in veterinary medicine.
- List the tools used for an ear exam.
- Explain the steps involved in cleaning an ear.
Outcome 8: Upon completion of this course, students will be able to understand the theory and procedures regarding fluid administration.
- Define fluid therapy.
- List the goals of fluid therapy.
- State the signs of dehydration.
- List the different degrees of dehydration.
- State the signs of overhydration.
- List the equipment used in fluid administration.
Outcome 9: Upon completion of this course, students will be able to discuss how to apply bandages.
- List the reasons for bandage application.
- Explain the tools and materials used in the bandaging process.
- Describe how to bandage various body parts.
- Explain the procedure for applying a Robert Jones bandage, Ehmer sling, and splints.
- Recognize warning signs that a bandage was applied improperly.
COMMON DEGREE OUTCOMES (CDO)
CDO marked YES apply to this course:
- Communication: The graduate can communicate effectively for the intended purpose and audience.
- Critical Thinking: The graduate can make informed decisions after analyzing information or evidence related to the issue.
- Global Literacy: The graduate can analyze human behavior or experiences through cultural, social, political, or economic perspectives.
- Information Literacy: The graduate can responsibly use information gathered from a variety of formats in order to complete a task.
- Quantitative Reasoning: The graduate can apply quantitative methods or evidence to solve problems or make judgments.
- Scientific Literacy: The graduate can produce or interpret scientific information presented in a variety of formats.
Critical Thinking: YES
Information Literacy: YES
Quantitative Reasoning: YES
Scientific Literacy: YES
COURSE CONTENT OUTLINE
- Handling and restraint of dogs and cats
- Behavior of dogs and cats
- Animal hygiene and grooming
- Injections and preparing the inoculate
- Sample collection and miscellaneous procedures.
- Blood, urine, feces
- Vaginal samples
- Enema administration
- Oral administration of medication
- Ophthalmic and otic care, procedures and medication administration
- Fluid administration
- Bandage and splint applications
Primary Syllabus - Macomb Community College, 14500 E 12 Mile Road, Warren, MI 48088
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