RSPT 1060  Physiochemical Basis of Respiratory Therapy Credit Hours: 3.00 Prerequisites: Admission into the Respiratory Therapy Program; BIOL 2710 , and BIOL 2730 or BIOL 2400 all with grade C or better
Corequisites: RSPT 1050 and RSPT 1085
RSPT 1060 teaches basic mathematics, physics and chemistry as it applies to respiratory therapy. Topics include measurement systems, mechanics, energy and matter, properties of fluids, gas laws, gas movement, solutions and drug calculations, elements and compounds, acid‑base and fluid balance, and nutrition and metabolism.
Billable Contact Hours: 3
When Offered: Fall semester only
Search for Sections Transfer Possibilities Michigan Transfer Network (MiTransfer)  Utilize this website to easily search how your credits transfer to colleges and universities. OUTCOMES AND OBJECTIVES Outcome 1: Upon completion of this course, students will be able to demonstrate the use of basic math principles and concepts to solve problems in Respiratory Care.Objectives:  Solve problems involving positive and negative numbers.
 Follow the rounding rules.
 Solve problems involving decimals.
 Solve problems involving order of operation.
 Solve problems involving fractions.
 Solve problems involving ratios and proportions.
 Set up a formula and convert between the measurement systems and within the metric system.
 Rearrange formulas.
Outcome 2: Upon completion of this course, the student will be able to apply the laws of gas behavior to equipment and clinical situations in Respiratory Care. Objectives:  Demonstrate an understanding of the divisions of matter.
 Demonstrate an understanding of basic inorganic chemistry.
 Explain and apply Dalton’s Law to respiratory therapy.
 Define the following laws, explain the relationship between volume, pressure, mass, and temperature, and use the mathematical formula to solve for an unknown.
 Boyle’s Law
 Charles’s Law
 Gay Lussac’s Law
 Combined gas law
 Universal (Ideal) Gas Law
 Explain the relationship between temperature, pressure, and volume and convert between the temperature scales.
 Explain the relationship between the things that affect humidity and describe the different forms of humidity.
 Explain how properties of gases may change under extreme temperatures and pressures.
 Explain what a critical point is and how it is used in gas therapy.
Outcome 3: Upon completion of this course, the student will be able to explain how changes in surface tension, compliance and resistance will affect gas flow in the respiratory system. Objectives:  Describe the processes of internal and external respiration.
 Use following laws to explain the factors that affect diffusion of a gas into a liquid, dissolving of a gas in a liquid and gas movement into solution.
 Graham’s Law
 Henry’s Law
 Fick’s Law
 Explain the relationship between ventilation and perfusion.
 Calculate and apply clinically the respiratory quotient, PAO2, AaDO2, a/A ratio and PaO2/FIO2, oxygen delivery to the tissues, utilization and extraction using cardiac output and oxygen content.
 Define and list the causes of hypoxemia and hypoxia.
 Draw and explain the equation of motion.
 Explain the relationship between pressure, surface tension, surfactant and radius if one if the variables is held constant.
 Define, compare, list the formulas for, the normal values for and apply clinically the following:
 Lung compliance
 Thoracic compliance
 Total compliance
 Static compliance
 Dynamic compliance
 Airway resistance
 Explain the significance Poiseuille’s law and the Reynolds number as they relate to frictional resistance and ventilation.
Outcome 4: Upon completion of this course, the student will be able to describe the processes of internal and external respiration, oxygenation, and acidbase balance in the human body. Objectives:  Explain the relationship between matter, mixtures and solutions.
 Explain the role of the following pressures and their effects on the blood and tracheobronchial tree:
 Osmotic
 Oncotic
 Tonicity
 Perform drug calculations.
 Given %weight/volume solutions (%)
 Given ratio solutions (1:100)
 Using the Universal Formula for solving w/v solutions
 Drug dilution problems
 Given an adult dose of medication, use an infant’s age in months, child’s age in years, weight or body surface area to determine the correct dosage.
 Draw and label the pH scale and explain how pH is regulated.
 Differentiate between an acid, base and salt.
 Given an ABG, indicate the primary AcidBase disturbance, oxygenation abnormality, possible causes, symptoms, compensation and treatments:
 Respiratory acidosis and alkalosis
 Metabolic acidosis and alkalosis
 Briefly define the following ventilatory acidbase abnormalities and give a blood gas example of each:
 Acute alveolar hyperventilation with hypoxemia (respiratory alkalosis or respiratory insufficiency)
 Acute ventilatory failure with hypoxemia (uncompensated respiratory acidosis)
 Chronic ventilatory failure with hypoxemia (compensated respiratory acidosis)
 Acute alveolar hyperventilation superimposed on chronic ventilatory failure
 Acute ventilatory failure superimposed on chronic ventilatory failure
 Explain the role of electrolytes in acid base balance and identify the macronutrients and micronutrients found in the human body.
 Explain the role of body fluid balance, how body fluid is controlled, what causes disorders in body fluids and what symptoms can be caused by imbalance in body fluid volume.
COMMON DEGREE OUTCOMES (CDO)
 Communication: The graduate can communicate effectively for the intended purpose and audience.
 Critical Thinking: The graduate can make informed decisions after analyzing information or evidence related to the issue.
 Global Literacy: The graduate can analyze human behavior or experiences through cultural, social, political, or economic perspectives.
 Information Literacy: The graduate can responsibly use information gathered from a variety of formats in order to complete a task.
 Quantitative Reasoning: The graduate can apply quantitative methods or evidence to solve problems or make judgments.
 Scientific Literacy: The graduate can produce or interpret scientific information presented in a variety of formats.
CDO marked YES apply to this course: Communication: YES Critical Thinking: YES Global Literacy: YES Information Literacy: YES Quantitative Reasoning: YES Scientific Literacy: YES
COURSE CONTENT OUTLINE  Mathematics
 Positive and Negative Numbers and rounding
 Decimals and order of operation
 Proportions, ratios, and fractions
 Measurement systems and scientific notation
 Conversion and canceling
 Rearranging
 Basic Chemistry
 Atoms and molecules and elements and compounds
 Periodic table
 Bonding and reaction
 Nomenclature
 Applied Physics
 Mechanics
 States of matter
 Properties of gases and gas mixtures
 Gas laws
 Gas in solution, oxygenation and respiration
 Gas movement
 Solutions and concentrations
 Thermodynamics
 Inorganic Chemistry
 Acid Base balance, fluid and electrolytes
 Inorganic Chemistry Acid Base balance, fluid and electrolyte
Primary Faculty Niemer, Laurie Secondary Faculty Zahodnic, Richard Associate Dean Shaw, Andrea Dean Mirijanian, Narine
Primary Syllabus  Macomb Community College, 14500 E 12 Mile Road, Warren, MI 48088
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