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# MATH 2000 - Introduction to Linear Algebra

Credit Hours: 3.00

Prerequisites: MATH 1760  with grade C or better; or an equivalent college course; or an acceptable score on a placement or prerequisite exam

This course covers systems of linear equations; the algebra of matrices; determinants and their applications; the theory of vector spaces, with emphasis on Euclidean n‑space; linear transformations and their matrix representations; eigenvalues and eigenvectors; similar matrices; symmetric matrices; the spectral theorem, and applications.

Billable Contact Hours: 3

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Transfer Possibilities
Michigan Transfer Network (MiTransfer) - Utilize this website to easily search how your credits transfer to colleges and universities.
OUTCOMES AND OBJECTIVES
Outcome 1: Upon completion of this course the student will solve problems, use algorithms and demonstrate comprehension of concepts from: Linear systems of equations and their applications.

Objectives: Students will:

1. Solve linear systems by elimination.
2. Describe solutions of systems geometrically and algebraically.
3. Define and reduce matrices to reduced row echelon form.
4. Use Gaussian elimination to solve linear systems by forming an augmented matrix.
5. Use Gauss-Jordan elimination to solve homogeneous and non homogeneous systems.

Outcome 2: Upon completion of this course the student will solve problems, use algorithms and demonstrate comprehension of concepts from: Matrices and their operations.

Objectives: Students will:

1. Perform matrix operations.
2. Work with properties of matrices.
3. Calculate the inverse of a matrix by using a formula or by reducing an n x 2n matrix.
4. Determine operations using elementary matrices.
5. Solve linear system Ax = b by using A-1 .

Outcome 3: Upon completion of this course the student will solve problems, use algorithms and demonstrate comprehension of concepts from: Determinants and their properties.

Objectives: Students will:

1. Evaluate the determinant of a matrix.
2. Use the determinant of a matrix to determine whether or not the inverse of the matrix exists.
3. Use elementary operations to evaluate determinants.
4. Work with the properties of determinants.
5. Use Cramer’s rule and determinants to solve systems of linear equations of the form Ax = b, |A| not equal to 0.

Outcome 4: Upon completion of this course the student will solve problems, use algorithms and demonstrate comprehension of concepts from: Vector spaces.

Objectives: Students will:

1. Test sets for the axioms of a vector space.
2. Establish a list of vector properties
3. Test a subset for a subspace of a vector space.
4. Test a solution vector of a homogeneous system to be a subspace of Rn
5. Define a linear combination of vectors v1, v2,…vn.
6. Test for spaces that are spanned by vectors.
7. Test for linearly independent and linearly dependent sets.
8. Determine whether a set is a basis for Rn
9. Test for bases of a vector space.
10. Determine the dimension of a vector space and a solution space.
11. Find bases for a row space, column space, null space, and left null space.

Outcome 5: Upon completion of this course the student will solve problems, use algorithms and demonstrate comprehension of concepts from: Inner product spaces.

Objectives: Students will:

1. Define the Euclidean inner product on R2, R3 and Rn
2. Define the length and distance in an inner product space.
3. Define the norm in Rn
4. Calculate an angle in the inner product space.
5. Establish the orthogonality of a set in an inner product space.
6. Use the Gram-Schmidt process to find orthonormal bases for the inner product space.
7. Test for linear independence of orthogonal sets in the inner product space.
8. Find the coordinates of a vector v relative to orthonormal bases, and express v in terms of orthonormal bases.
9. Define orthogonal matrices.

Outcome 6: Upon completion of this course the student will solve problems, use algorithms and demonstrate comprehension of concepts from: Eigenvalues and eigenvectors of a matrix.

Objectives: Students will:

1. Find the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of a matrix.
2. Find the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of powers of a matrix.
3. Test for diagonalizable matrices.
4. Define similar matrices.
5. Discuss the properties of a similar matrix.
6. Compute powers of a matrix.
7. Discuss orthogonal diagonalization of a symmetric matrix.
8. Use the eigenvalues and eigenvectors to express a general conic in standard form; find the angle of rotation and sketch.

Outcome 7: Upon completion of this course the student will solve problems, use algorithms and demonstrate comprehension of concepts from: Linear Transformations.

Objectives: Students will:

1. Define Linear Transformation T: V –> W
2. Discuss zero and identity transformations
3. Determine whether or not a transformation is linear
4. Find the standard matrix of a linear transformation
5. Find the Kernel and range of a linear transformation
6. Determine the rank and nullity of a linear transformation
7. Find a change of basis
8. Find nonstandard matrices of a linear transformation
9. Find matrices of sums, products, compositions, and inverses of linear transformations.

COMMON DEGREE OUTCOMES (CDO)
• Communication: The graduate can communicate effectively for the intended purpose and audience.
• Critical Thinking: The graduate can make informed decisions after analyzing information or evidence related to the issue.
• Global Literacy: The graduate can analyze human behavior or experiences through cultural, social, political, or economic perspectives.
• Information Literacy: The graduate can responsibly use information gathered from a variety of formats in order to complete a task.
• Quantitative Reasoning: The graduate can apply quantitative methods or evidence to solve problems or make judgments.
• Scientific Literacy: The graduate can produce or interpret scientific information presented in a variety of formats.
CDO marked YES apply to this course:
Critical Thinking: YES
Quantitative Reasoning: YES
COURSE CONTENT OUTLINE

1. Systems of Linear Equations
1. Introduction to Systems of Linear Equations
1. Gaussian Elimination and Gauss-Jordan Elimination
2. Solving Systems of Homogeneous Linear Equations
3. Solve Applications
2. Matrices
1. Operations with Matrices
2. Properties of Matrix Operations
3. The Inverse of a Matrix
4. Elementary Matrices
5. Solve Systems by Using Inverse Matrices
3. Determinants
1. The Determinant of a Matrix
2. Evaluation of a Determinant Using Elementary Operations
3. Properties of Determinants
4. Solve Systems by Using Cramer’s Rule
5. Use Determinants to find the Inverse of a Matrix
2. Vector space
1. Vectors in Plane End Space
1. Subspaces of Vector Spaces
2. Spanning Sets and Linear Independence
3. Basis and Dimension
4. Rank of a Matrix and Systems of Linear Equations
5. Coordinates and Change of Basis
6. Applications of Vector Spaces
2. Inner Product Spaces
1. Length and Dot Product in Rn
2. Inner Product Spaces
3. Orthonormal Bases: Gram-Schmidt Process
4. Applications of Inner Product Spaces
3. Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors
1. Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors
2. Diagonalization
3. Symmetric Matrices and Orthogonal Diagonalization
4. Use Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors to Rotate Axis and Sketch General Conic Sections
4. Linear Transformations
1. Introduction to Linear Transformations
2. The Kernel and Range of a Linear Transformation
3. Standard and Non-Standard matrices for Linear Transformations
4. Transition Matrices
5. Applications of Linear Transformations

Primary Faculty
Friday, David
Secondary Faculty
Williams, Paul
Associate Dean
McMillen, Lisa
Dean
Pritchett, Marie

Primary Syllabus - Macomb Community College, 14500 E 12 Mile Road, Warren, MI 48088

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