Jul 18, 2024  
College Catalog 2022-2023 
College Catalog 2022-2023 [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

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FIRE 2130 - Fire Hydraulics & Water Supply

Credit Hours: 3.00

Prerequisites: None

Hydrostatics and hydrokinetics, Bernoulli’s Theorem, Pascal’s Theorem, Venturi Action, Hazen‑Williams Formula, water distribution systems, pump velocity, discharge, friction loss, engine and nozzle pressures as they relate to the study of fire science. Concentration on theory followed by practical application to the fire service.

Billable Contact Hours: 3

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Outcome 1: Upon completion of this course, students will be able to define the physical and extinguishing properties of water.

Objectives: The student will:

  1. Identify the physical properties of water.
  2. Identify the extinguishment of fire by cooling.
  3. Identify the extinguishment of fire by smothering.
  4. Identify the extinguishment of fire by emulsification.
  5. Identify the extinguishment of fire by dilution
  6. Identify water additives.
  7. Identify the interaction between water and electricity.
  8. Identify the use of water on special hazards.

Outcome 2: Upon completion of this course, students will be able to identify the types of water distribution systems and other water sources in the community.

Objectives: The student will:

  1. Identify characteristics of private water supply systems.
  2. Identify and explain the four fundamental components of a modern water system.
  3. Identify the following parts of a water distribution system:
    1. Distributors.
    2. Primary feeders.
    3. Secondary feeders.
  4. Identify a:
    1. Dry barrel hydrant.
    2. Wet barrel hydrant.
  5. Define the following terms:
    1. Normal operating pressure.
    2. Residual pressure.
    3. Flow pressure.
  6. Identify the following types of water main valves:
    1. Indicating.
    2. Nonindicating.
    3. Post indicator.
    4. Outside screw and yoke.
  7. Identify how to evaluate the operational readiness of a water supply system.
  8. Identify the approximate discharge capacities of various pipe sizes.
  9. Identify water supply facilities as they apply to fire department operations.
  10. Identify the procedure for mapping auxiliary water supplies to supplement the normal water system.
  11. Demonstrate the capability to interpret available sewer and drainage maps.
  12. Identify incrustation, tuberculation, and sedimentation and their effects on carrying capacities of water mains.
  13. Identify three alternative emergency water supply sources.
  14. Identify the components of mobile water supply operations.

Outcome 3: Upon completion of this course, students will be able to demonstrate the capability to determine required fire flow and the ability to work with water utilities to develop a system adequate to meet projected community needs.

Objectives: The student will:

  1. Identify hydrant construction, location, and spacing.
  2. Identify the factors that affect fire flow demands.
  3. Identify the required fire flow and recommend hydrant distribution for fire fighting operations for a housing development.
  4. Identify the fire flow requirements and hydrant distribution for a shopping center.
  5. Identify the fire flow requirements and recommend hydrant distribution for an industrial complex.
  6. Identify the NFPA recommended color code system for fire hydrants.
  7. Identify problems related to flows from dead-end water mains.
  8. Demonstrate the principles of friction loss as they relate to fireground operations.

Outcome 4: Upon completion of this course, students will be able to demonstrate the performance of routine tests, inspections, and servicing functions required to assure the operational status of fire department pumpers.

Objectives: The student will:

  1. Identify all automotive gauges and demonstrate their usage.
  2. Identify the operating principles of single-stage and multiple stage centrifugal pumps.
  3. Identify the major components and trace the flow of water through single-stage and multiple-stage centrifugal pumps.
  4. Identify the percentages of rated capacity, related pressures, and the capacity in gallons per minute at the rated pressures a fire department pumper is designed to deliver.
  5. Demonstrate the ability to perform an annual service test for fire department pumpers.

Outcome 5: Upon completion of this course, students will be able to identify characteristics of fire streams.

Objectives: The student will

  1. Identify the type, design, operation, nozzle pressure, and flow in gpm for proper operation of each.
  2. Demonstrate the ability to determine the correct pump pressures for the following fireground situations:
    1. Pump discharge pressures when the length and size of nozzle are given.
    2. Water flow in gpm when the diameter of the orifice and pressure at the orifice are given.
    3. Friction loss in the supply and attack lines, when the gpm flow is given.
    4. Friction loss in wyed lines when the size of the hose and flow are given .
    5. Friction loss in multiple lines when the size of the hose and gpm flow are given.
    6. An estimated remaining available volume from a hydrant while pumping a given volume.
  3. Demonstrate the ability to mentally calculate correct pump discharge pressure, gpm, friction loss, and nozzle pressure, using formulas specified by the instructor.
  4. Define the following methods of water application:
    1. Direct
    2. Indirect
    3. Combination

• Communication: The graduate can communicate effectively for the intended purpose and audience.
• Critical Thinking: The graduate can make informed decisions after analyzing information or evidence related to the issue.
• Global Literacy: The graduate can analyze human behavior or experiences through cultural, social, political, or economic perspectives.
• Information Literacy: The graduate can responsibly use information gathered from a variety of formats in order to complete a task.
• Quantitative Reasoning: The graduate can apply quantitative methods or evidence to solve problems or make judgments.
• Scientific Literacy: The graduate can produce or interpret scientific information presented in a variety of formats.

CDO marked YES apply to this course:
Communication: YES
Critical Thinking: YES
Information Literacy: YES
Scientific Literacy: YES

Session and Topic:

  1. Introductions/Course Overview
  2. Principles of Fire Department Hydraulics (chapter 1)
  3. Water Tanks and Hose Capacity (chapter 2)
  4. Water Supply and Testing Procedures (chapter 3)
  5. Fire Streams (chapter 4)
  6. Discharge (chapter 5)
  7. Friction Loss Principles and Applications (chapter 6)
  8. Mid-Term Review
  9. Mid-Term Exam
  10. Required Pump Discharge Pressure (chapter 7)
  11. Unusual and Complex Problems (chapter 8)
  12. Pumping Capacity and Drafting Operations (chapter 9)
  13. Relay Operations (chapter 10)
  14. Fire Ground Hydraulics (chapter 11)
  15. Final Exam Review
  16. Final Exam

Primary Faculty
Staelgraeve, Kenneth
Secondary Faculty

Associate Dean
Lopez, Michael
Mirijanian, Narine

Official Course Syllabus - Macomb Community College, 14500 E 12 Mile Road, Warren, MI 48088

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